Fly Life Magazine

Many modern glass fly rods do for you what graphite cannot

Master angler Tim Rajeff of Vancouver, Washington, lands a monster rainbow in Strobel Lake, Argentina. Image Tim Rajeff.

Modern fiberglass fly rods are the off ramp into the neighborhood of elevated angling enjoyment

We might have started without you, but it was bamboo that began it all. If you’re not familiar with bamboo, you were probably born a little too late. If you know bamboo, you saw it give way to fiberglass, and fiberglass give way all too soon to graphite.

Bamboo fly rods, from the standpoint of craftsmanship, had long been at its zenith when glass appeared in the rear view mirror. Today’s bamboo fly rod has advantages over grandpa’s, but only via the chemistry of resins, adhesives, et al. The craft of building a bamboo rod and the performance characteristics of different types of bamboo seem impossible to improve on.

The fiber-glass we’re speaking of was born in the 1930’s and served as a technology in WWII. Think communications – antennae whipping around on the jeeps and tanks in Europe and the Far East and on destroyers and aircraft carriers, then as fly rods, boats, and surfboards. Today, it’s assemblages are found in thousands of products.

The early glass technologies were S-Glass (Structural), E-Glass (Electrical) and SE-Glass (Owens Corning). They did not all appear on the horizon simultaneously. Their earliest usages were steeped in military and later, industrial specifications.

Old performance criteria and test data are a bit of a stretch to interpret as they relate to fly rod reactions to casting a fly line. To read more about the history of glass technologies intersecting with fly rods go to the North 40 Fly Shop or Swift Fly Fishing Company.

Glass fly rods of today are not pure anything fiberglass measured against the original S-Glass and E-Glass. The glass rods of today have been modified to perform – rolled to a spec either as assembled at the rod builders place of business or as a “part” delivered by a glass fabric manufacturer and other vendors.

Fiberglass fabrics are laminated one to another in a specified orientation with flexible adhesives (resins) that bind the fabrics together to create a new, desired flex capability as a fly rod.

Each rod designer leaves his or her signature on the final performance of each rod based on their interpretation of “best” assembly of the chosen fiberglass fabrics, resins and other additions to make a finished rod react a certain way when loaded with a fly line and in the hands of an angler. That of course, with a semantics change, could be said of a graphite rod or graphite/boron rod or any build of any fly rod.

So, what are the differences and why is glass in its new, modern clothes so special?

Here’s a clue. Graphite rod ad copy will always claim (usually first mention), among other things, how good a rod casts in close. Well, that’s pure late night Tweeting because the most problematic casting assignment for graphite fly rods is earning an accurate, quality delivery of a fly up close and personal.

If your rod is graphite and advertised as fast or even medium fast action, you’re not going to be able to “comfortably” deliver a fly the way you want to at 30- or fewer feet unless you’re Lefty Kreh or very skilled. It’s an awkward cast with the best graphite rod – no matter who you are.

A large percentage of sight fished for the trout, bass, bonefish, redfish, snook, stripers and other flats and shallow water pescados get hooked at surprisingly short ranges (ask any guide)

You can, of course, retrieve a fly to any distance, but if sight fishing and your trophy brown is sipping at 30-feet away or that behemoth female tarpon has spun out the daisy chain, retrieving a fly to its feeding window and getting an eat is not going to happen. More likely is scaring the Hell out of it because in the animal kingdom Ephemeroptera and bait fish do not attack predators.

What about big ocean animals?

The “fake news” about glass has been that it’s not a good rod choice versus a tarpon, Chinook in Alaska, steelies, or big anything because of being a buggy whip casting tool. That postulation is not entirely true.

Many of the best tournament billfish anglers use glass fly rods. A teased in marlin has to be cast to at about 30-feet or less, and the fish has to discover the 8-inch long lead-headed fly when the teaser is yanked. The rod has to be able to “take it” and sometimes a graphite rod cannot.

The big issue with a fly rod in the billfish game is lifting and turning; a reel and stopping runs is a significant partner. A 300-pound marlin “requires” a rod that can bend, bend and keep on bending while still exerting pressure. Graphite would not hold up, and so far has proven it cannot.

Carl McNeil left, and Jeanie Ackley are the directors of The Swift Fly Fishing Company of Wanaka, New Zealand. Image The Swift Fly Fishing Company.

Are glass rods buggy whip fly rods?

Sure, if that’s what was selling, but it isn’t where good angling is practiced. The real winsomeness of modern glass fly rods is FEEL.

The feel of a fly line loading a fiberglass rod is inherently better than graphite. Fast action rods are hard to bend and load a fly line. That retards the time it takes for a beginner to learn the quintessential element of a good cast, feeling the fly line load the rod. Glass accelerates learning to cast.

A fiberglass rod is genetically programmed to cast beautifully at short distances and cast comfortably all the way up to about 50-feet (+/-)… depending on the rod weight/build. Can a superior caster get 100-feet out of a custom glass rod? Sure, but what’s the point? That’s not what glass is about.

What does fiberglass do for me?

It does for you what a graphite rod cannot do for you. If you’re a part time angler and prone to rusting, fear not, you’ll cast beautifully from the get go; if a beginner, you’ll get the casting feel right away; if you’re not so fit anymore, you’ll cast the way you remember you could, and if an expert you’ll rediscover what pure casting was always about and appreciate the sharpened sense of fish-on.

Anyone who has experienced a fast graphite fly rod, especially in the saltwater weights (seven and up), always finds out search casting for even an hour or so is an Olympic physical demand. The energy required to move a fly line on a fast action graphite rod versus a so called “fast” action glass rod is night and day. As a matter of fact using the terms comparatively is misleading.

A fast action graphite fly rod requires the angler provide way more than half the energy to launch a fly. A fiberglass fly rod provides way more than half the energy to launch a fly.

A glass rod better protects the tippet by acting as a cushion when head shakes and bursts manifest themselves with fish-on.

A glass rod better tolerates bending and abuse. It’s tougher.

In New Zealand, the water is as clear as air. If you don’t fly fish in New Zealand, you’re a sheep. Image by Stone Fly Lodge – click on the image to visit their website.

The producers

It’s not easy to pick out “the top” glass fly rod producing companies because there are so many small companies that have, over the years, been the leaders in developing the technologies that have vastly improved the performance of glass. We have avoided listing some of the best boutique builders because it’s too difficult to identify them since many do not have a web presence or have such a poor site it’s a turn-off. Often, these craftsmen and women only build on demand to personal specifications or only address angling regional fisheries or both.


We do not include companies who build one or two glass rods or offer only very narrowed choices, even excellent glass rods are excluded – like Tom Dorsey at Thomas and Thomas, past maker Tom Morgan or Jim Bartschi of Scott Fly Rod Company and, of course, many others.

NOTE: Cameron Mortensen, the publisher of The Glass Manifesto is the default fiberglass’ fly rod industry spokesperson. His website is your source for those exceptional boutique sources we referred to above.

NOTE 2: You can also search the major rod builders and find that one, niche rod you’re looking for. Your local fly shop the best source for test drives.

Here are those fly rod companies we found that are both committed to glass and offer outstanding “off the shelf” options.

Tim Rajeff
Rajeff Sports
7500 NE 16th Ave Suite 1C,
Vancouver WA, 98665
Phone:  360-694-2900
Fax:  360-694-1950
Editors’ Note: Echo Fly Rods is driven by the unmatchable energy of Tim Rajeff. He is a consummate promoter of all things fly fishing, and like his brother Steve, chief rod designer at Loomis, he is a noted rod designer and world fly casting champion. Tim’s glass rod selection is easily the broadest of the big leaguers. In single-handed, Echo fly rods offer Glass and Bad Ass Glass and in two-handed, Glass Switch and Glass Spey.

Mark Steffen
Steffen Brothers Fly Rods
11475 Homestead Ln
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Phone: (928) 522-0617
Email Steffen Brothers Fly
Editors’ Note: Steffen Brothers Fly Rods was founded in 1980 by Mark Steffen. Mark has a degree in Fisheries Biology from the University of Idaho and is actively involved sports fishing stewardship. Mark is the primary rod designer and developer. Their glass fly rod line is not limited to their brochure offerings.

The Swift Fly Fishing Company
21 Reece Crescent
Wanaka, 9305
New Zealand.
Ph (+64) 03 4431350
Editors’ Note: The company is owned and run by Carl McNeil and Jeanie Ackley. Carl is an IFFF Certified Master Fly Casting Instructor. Carl served as an associate editor for the IFFF’s fly casting magazine the Loop and is a recipient of the Presidents Pin award for services to fly casting. He is also a recipient of the IFFF’s conservation award.

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